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Luxusgueter Listeria Meningitis In Newborns

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Häufig Gestellte Fragen

1Can Listeria Cause Neonatal Meningitis?

Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is a food-borne pathogen with a high chance of infecting neonates, pregnant women, elderly and immunocompromised individuals. Lm infection in neonates can cause neonatal meningitis and sepsis with a high risk of severe neurological and developmental sequelae and high mortality rates.

2How Do Newborns Get Listeria?

It’s most commonly caused by eating improperly processed deli meats and unpasteurized milk products. Healthy people rarely become ill from listeria infection, but the disease can be fatal to unborn babies, newborns and people with weakened immune systems.

3What Is The Most Common Cause Of Neonatal Meningitis?

Group B streptococcus continues to be the most common pathogen causing meningitis in the neonatal period.

4How Is Listeria Meningitis Transmitted?

Many forms of meningitis, including bacterial meningitis, are contagious. The main mode of infectious meningitis transmission is through the air or bodily fluids. Listeria infection can spread from person to person, but the main route of transmission is contaminated food.

5Can A Baby Be Born With Listeria?

Babies born with listeriosis may have serious infections of the blood or brain. Listeriosis can cause lifelong health problems for your baby, including intellectual disability, paralysis, seizures, blindness, or problems with the brain, kidneys, or heart.

6What Is The Second Most Common Cause Of Neonatal Meningitis?

The most common cause of neonatal meningitis is bacterial infection of blood, known as bacteremia. Organisms responsible are different; most commonly group B streptococci (i.e. Streptococcus agalactiae), Escherichia coli, and Listeria monocytogenes.

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7Can Baby Get Listeria From Breastfeeding?

Foods can get contaminated with listeria during their processing. Listeria infection during pregnancy can increase the risk for miscarriage, stillbirth, and preterm delivery. If mom is infected late in pregnancy, the newborn can have the infection also, but we don’t see it passed through breast milk.

8How Will I Know If My Baby Has Listeria?

An ultrasound to look at the baby can be used to check for an enlarged heart, thickened bowel, and increased thickness of the stomach walls, which may occur in some babies infected with Listeria. A blood test can also be performed on the baby after birth to detect whether the baby has been infected with Listeria.

9Is Listeria Treatable In Newborns?

Neonatal listeriosis is acquired transplacentally or during or after delivery. Symptoms are those of sepsis. Diagnosis is by culture or polymerase chain reaction testing of mother and infant. Treatment is antibiotics, initially ampicillin plus an aminoglycoside.

10Does Listeria Always Pass Baby?

Listeria infection can spread from mom to baby through the placenta, but it’s not a sure thing. So even if you get listeriosis, baby might not.